We’ve all heard the phrase” bigger is better”, right? In the diamond world, bigger isn’t always better. There are many variables that affect the value of a diamond and size isn’t always the most important one. The 4 C’s is a common tool used in the diamond industry to help determine the value of a diamond. So if you’re planning to “put a ring on it “, get to know the 4 C’s. The first C represents cut, a diamond that is cut well enables the stone to make the best use of light.
A fully cut diamond has 58 facets which are small, flat, polished surfaces cut into a diamond to reflect light from one facet to another this helps to disperse light throughout the stone. If the cuts on the diamond are too deep or too shallow, light will escape before it reflects to the top of the stone. The second C represents color. Diamond color is graded on a D through Z scale. D-F is colorless, making the diamond more valuable. The absence of color acts as a prism to form a rainbow of colors, otherwise known as “fire”, to show throughout the diamond. H-J is near colorless. K-N are faint yellow diamonds. O-R are considered very light yellow diamonds, and last but not least S-Z are considered to be light yellow diamonds.
The third C represents clarity, clarity is the description of inclusions found in the stone. Most diamonds will have inclusions or natural mother nature given birthmarks. Where the inclusions are located on the stone, how many inclusions there are, the size and type of inclusions all affect the value of the diamond. Just like color, clarity also has a scale. FL stands for flawless, which is extremely rare in the diamond business. An internally flawless rating is considered to be rare as well. VVS1-VVS2 are very very slightly included diamonds. VS1-VS2 are very slightly included diamonds.
SI1-SI2 are slightly included diamonds, and I rating are eye visible inclusions that can be seen by the naked eye. The last C is the carat weight or the size of the diamond. Hopefully, by now you have a better understanding that there are multiple variables that make a diamond more valuable than others and, while size isn’t everything, it is a variable that the industry takes into consideration when determining the value of a diamond.